Origin and Supply of Pearls
How are Natural Pearls Formed?
These gems are the gifts from the seas and the only gems that come from a living being. The natural creation of a pearl can take up to several years, even hundreds! The natural process begins when a foreign substance enters the shell. As the oyster’s defence mechanism, it begins coating the foreign object with different layers of nacre. Over years, the layers grow and the nucleus (external irritant) begins rotating. This is how the pearl is formed and gets its shape.
The gorgeous gems are widely popular for their classic off-white hues. However, that’s not the only colour that they’re available in. Naturally cultured pearls are also available in different shades, like golden, pink, black, and more. Renowned for their brilliant lustre, these treasures need a definite space in your jewellery box.
Facts About Pearls
- Pearls are 100% naturally sourced gemstones. Their lustre, shape, and colour are all the gifts of nature. In fact, their mirror-like smoothness and divine lustre made them have a godly status in the ancient times.
- There were times in the British rule where pearls could only be worn by nobility. They used to represent a particular class or status for the elite.
- It was believed by ancient Arabs and Greeks that pearls were actually the tears of God.
- Naturally cultivated freshwater pearls offer 90% of the circulating pearls in market, whereas saltwater pearls (like Tahitian Pearls and Akoya Black Pearls) have only 5% input....
- Completely naturally obtained pearl can be counted as among the rarest stones on Earth. It takes several hundreds of years to grow. Only 1 out of 10,00 oysters now contains a natural pearl.
- American National Association of Jewellers called the stone Birthstone Pearl and made it a lucky stone for the people born in the month of June.
- No two pearls are the same as each other. Every pearl that is naturally cultivated will be much different than the other, be it in terms of colour, lustre, shape, size, or surface.
- The low-grade pearls with fewer layers are crushed into fine powder and then used for makeup.
- Pearls beautifully symbolize fertility, nurturing, friendship, and femininity.
- Pearls are the only stones known to mankind that are obtained from other living beings. This makes them much different than any other rock, which are obtained from the Earth.
Properties of Pearls
1. Colour:The most popular variety of pearls flaunts a simple ivory colour. It is classic and is also flaunted the most. However, there are several other colours of the gem, too. Some of them are golden (South Sea Pearls,) black (Akoya and Tahitian Pears,) pink, lavender, peach (Freshwater Pearls,) among some others, too. If you’re seeking naturally cultured pearls, you may find it difficult to spot the exact same colours. There might be variations in different shades of pink, peach, and ivory....
The size of your pearl entirely depends of what kind it. Every above-mentioned grade of pearls delivers a different size than the other. The biggest pearls are usually South Sea Pearls, which vary from 9-22mm. Freshwater pearls, Tahitian or Akoy pearls offer relatively smaller varieties. That said, the average size a pearl is 7-7.5mm, which is also the more commonly found size.
You may only know pearls to have a round or oval shape. That’s not true; pearls are available in a whole variety of different shapes and different sizes. Some of the more noticeable ones are:
1. Round: Found abundantly, this is not only the most popular shape, but it is also a reigning classic, too. Most of the cultured pearls are given a symmetrically round and smooth shape. These pearls are then strewn to form a perfect necklace. Ages ago, when cultivating pearls wasn’t a thing, obtaining a necklace with natural pearls would take over several years.
2. Baroque: Another vastly popular shape is the baroque. This shape resembles a potato. It is irregular but looks far more natural, which makes it incredibly popular among the masses. Baroque pearls aren’t only asymmetrical. It’s actually a name given to all the irregular pearls, from having slight dent to a whole new shape.
3. Oval: Another popular shape, oval pearls are mostly used for necklaces and bracelets. These oblong pearls have a brilliantly lustrous surface, which keeps them eternally popular. They closely resemble an egg and can also be used for earrings.
4. Teardrop: A shape that is extremely popular for earrings, teardrop pearls are extremely popular and loved. These gorgeous treats have a stunning smooth shape that resembles a milky white drop.
5. Mabe and Button: Mabe is shape that features round silhouette on the top, with tapered edges. These pearls are mostly used for pins and brooches. Another shape is button, which is flat on the top but round on the sides, making them perfect for necklaces, earrings, and bracelets
By far, the most important characteristic of a pearl is its lustre. Noted from distances, this sets the different grades of pearls apart. If your pearl is expensive, it is going to have several different layers. And with more layers, the lustre increases. The price and value of pearls increase with the layers they have. If you’re out shopping for an expensive pearl, place it in front of the light. It should reflect your face in it; it would mean that it has a lot of layers.
Surface of a pearl does affect its look, not its value. The different surfaces you may come across are little dents or rings that can be felt. These imperfections are usually minor and only seem to make your gem more unique and natural.
Most of the pearls found in the current market have undergone some kind of treatment to enhance their beauty. More popular treatments are bleaching, irradiation, drilling, waxing, heating, filling, or cutting. The best way to find out if your pearl is treated is by comparing the different pieces in the strand. Natural pearls will always be slightly different from one another, be it in terms of shape, colour, size, or surface.
What to Remember While Buying Pearls?
- 1. Do not forget the major characteristics of pearls, which are colour, size, shape, lustre, and surface. You’ll get the best value for your money and safety from being ripped off if you’ve educated yourself beforehand.
- 2. It is important to remember that pearls are not only available in white colours, but several different shades and tones, like lavender, pink, peach, even black and purple. These are all natural or dyed to look better.
- 3. You must also remember that every pearl is slightly different than the other. If you’ve found a pearl necklace that has identical pieces, it’s probably fake. Every pearl has ridges and shape that are unique to it. ...
- 4. Know the costs of pearls. If you’re shopping for naturally cultivated pearls, know which ones are the highest priced (South Sea pearls,) which are medium-priced (Tahitian and Akoya Pearls,) and which ones are pocket-friendly (Freshwater Pearls.)
- 5. Every expensive pearl will have a higher number of layers in it. An increased number of layers indicates richer lustre, which also makes the pearl more expensive and luxurious. It’ll make it appear mirror-like.
- 6. If you wish to conduct a test that determined whether your pearl is real or fake, rub it against your tooth. A real pearl will have irregular and uneven surface, while the imitations will have a glass-like smooth surface.
- 7. If you’re buying pearls for the first time, let it be a simple strand for necklace. Every woman must have at least on classic and simple freshwater pearls necklace strand.
- 8. It’s important to seek a vendor that specializes in pearls. It will offer you a vast and wide range, along with guarantee of authenticity.
- 9. Know about the sizes of pearls. It is important to know which type of cultivated stone has what average size. The largest pearls can be found as South Sea Pearls. Others like Akoya and Tahitian are relatively smaller pearls.
Frequently Asked Questions About Pearls
To be brief, it is quite challenging to differentiate between natural pearls and cultured pearls. The process of cultured pearls is similar to the of natural pearls. The only difference is that in the initial stages, a delicate procedure is conducted, which plants the bead and layers form around that. In natural pearls, this process happens over years on its own.
You can carry a simple “tooth test” to determine if your pearl is real or fake. Lightly rub the surface of pearl on your tooth. If you feel minute ridges and imperfections, your pearl is real. However, if you feel it’s as smooth as glass, it’s more probably a fake.
Due to their big size and scarcity in availability, South Sea Pearls are the most priced and valued. They’re cultivated in the western coast on Australia (for the golden pearls variety) and Indonesia and French Polynesia (for the white pearls variety.) They’re also bigger in size and are available between 9-22mm.
Wearing pearl jewellery may symbolize purity, nurturing, nourishing, and fertility. In many legends, it is believed that it gets you in touch with your “inner self.” Many also believe that brings you in tune with your “inner Goddess.”
Pearl’s metaphysical healing powers are several. It is worn for good luck as well as deals with anger issues. Pearl also harmonizes your body’s rhythm and hormones with the Lunar cycles. It is also believed that wearing a pearl calms you down and increases your mind’s force, making you more creative.
As mentioned and explained above, there aren’t any 4C’s that determine the value of a pearl. Instead, it depends of its size, surface, shape, lustre, and colour. You may find several varieties that have different features than the other. Read above to know more.
One of the biggest features that makes pearls as popular is the fact that they’re the only gems that have been obtained from real living beings. Other gemstones are usually mined and sourced from the Earth.
Yes, differently coloured pearls other than ivory or peach are real pearls, too. There are different varieties of black pearls (also called Tahitian Pearls) that offer blue, green, or grey pearl. Other colours of freshwater pearls are lavender, cream. South Sea Pearls offer golden-hued variety.
Yes, Pearl Birthstone is for the people who are born during the month of June. The lustrous treat is considered to bring luck and joy to the wearer. You may choose from the different colours, shapes, and sizes of pearls to find your favourite.
Albeit Mother of Pearl and Pearl are made of the same nacre, they’re not considered to be the same. Mother of Pearl is thinner and much more delicate because the nacre is thinner with fewer layers.